ХЕРСОН ВО ВТОРОЙ ПОЛОВИНЕ XIII – XIV ВВ.: К ХРОНОЛОГИИ РАЗРУШЕНИЯ ГОРОДА

Авторы

  • Марк Леонидович Цымбал НИУ «ВШЭ» (г. Москва, Россия)

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.24852/2587-6112.2024.2.283.295

Ключевые слова:

археология, слой пожара XIII в., разрушение XIV в., Херсонес, Херсон, археологический комплекс, поливная керамика, Херсон в XIII-XIV вв.

Аннотация

В статье кратко освещены основные подходы к рассмотрению истории Херсонеса на последних этапах существования (во второй половине XIII – XIV вв.) и дана критическая оценка некоторых из них. Работа разделена на две части. В первой части выполнена попытка уточнить датировку пожара, охватившего большую часть города в третьей четверти XIII в. и выдвинута гипотеза о возможности наличия двух слоев (в третьей четверти и конце XIII в.), связанных с разрушениями. Во второй части работы рассмотрены различные версии о разрушении города в XIV в. На основе анализа письменных источников и сопоставлении их с археологическим материалом сделано предположение о разрушении Херсона в ходе похода Мамая летом 1365 г. Вероятно, наряду с Херсоном, в значительной степени могла пострадать и его округа. Среди мест, которые могли пострадать во время похода Мамая – скит на мысе Виноградный.

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Опубликован

2024-04-27

Как цитировать

Цымбал , М. Л. (2024). ХЕРСОН ВО ВТОРОЙ ПОЛОВИНЕ XIII – XIV ВВ.: К ХРОНОЛОГИИ РАЗРУШЕНИЯ ГОРОДА. Археология Евразийских степей, (2), 283–294. https://doi.org/10.24852/2587-6112.2024.2.283.295

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Исследования и публикации