Выделение социальных элит Северной Евразии с позиций форм сознания

Авторы

  • Валерий Иванович Кузин-Лосев Донецкий Республиканский краеведческий музей

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.24852/2587-6112.2022.5.178.191

Ключевые слова:

новая археология, знаковые комплексы, семиотика древности, эпоха бронзы, социальная элита, ментальные парадигмы, демография и теория информации.

Аннотация

В статье предлагаются новые подходы, связанные с выделением внутри культур эпохи бронзы Северной Евразии социальных страт элитариев по ряду своеобразных критериев. Элита общества с определенного исторического этапа является носительницей специфических форм сознания, а вслед за этим и потребителем совершенно новых знаковых систем и культурных форм. Обращение к различным формам культуры позволяет выделить внутри общества ряд критериев, по которым выявляются отдельные социальные группы с разными ментальными парадигмами. По археологическим материалам Северной Евразии класс элитариев впервые выделяется в майкопской культуре. Ключевое место в статье принадлежит семиотическому анализу археологических материалов деструктивного периода перехода от эпохи средней бронзы к поздней. Обращение к культурно-историческим процессам в эпоху бронзы степного ареала Восточной Европы и Приуралья позволяет констатировать присутствие нескольких субкультур в рамках единой культуры. Структурные образования субкультур рассматриваются как взаимодополняющие друг друга. Таким образом, в работе разбирается один из аспектов древностей степной Евразии в пределах новой археологии.

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Опубликован

2022-10-31

Как цитировать

Кузин-Лосев , В. И. (2022). Выделение социальных элит Северной Евразии с позиций форм сознания . Археология Евразийских степей, (5), 178–191. https://doi.org/10.24852/2587-6112.2022.5.178.191

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